That said the head of the research project at the Hamm-Lippstadt University of Applied Sciences, Thomas Kirner

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That said the head of the research project at the Hamm-Lippstadt University of Applied Sciences, Thomas Kirner

For example, chemicals or radiation were used to generate random mutations in the genome and then to pick out cheap variants. Applicants and EPA used to see it as a technical process, while critics regard it as conventional breeding. "The accidental processes that have been used in plant breeding for more than half a century must not be patented"says Christoph Then from the organization "No patents from seeds."

Most recently, around 100 new patent applications were identified, claiming patents on basil, paprika, cassava and barley, among other things. Now, then, said that clarity had to be created quickly as to how the bans are to be implemented. Such requests had been on hold since 2018.

A year ago, the EPO assumed around 80 patents on conventionally grown plants or products made from them. Patent opponents speak of around 200 granted patents because they include plants grown using chemical methods. Conventionally bred animals were almost never patented.

Genetically modified plants and animals may continue to be patented. The opponents had also initially opposed it. Here, however, a technical process is at the center. Living beings produced with the Crispr gene scissors are also patentable. "Genetic engineering is fundamentally different from the methods of conventional breeding"says Then.

Berlin (dpa) – Because of the coronavirus outbreaks in slaughterhouses, calls for consequences are loud across party lines.

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The Rhineland-Palatinate CDU chairman, Federal Agriculture Minister Julia Klöckner, like the North Rhine-Westphalian Labor Minister Karl-Josef Laumann (CDU), called for fines for violations of working hours in slaughterhouses to be increased significantly. "The fine should be increased from 15,000 to 30,000 euros"demanded Klöckner. The SPD parliamentary group in the Bundestag wants stricter rules in other sectors as well. On Monday, the Corona cabinet should deal with proposals from Labor Minister Hubertus Heil (SPD) for better occupational safety in slaughterhouses.

"The meat industry is now the focus. But it’s about a business model that also exists in other areas"said parliamentary group vice Katja Mast of the German press agency. "We will also have to look closely at the living conditions of seasonal workers, as well as the care industry."

Heil had demanded tougher conditions for the meat industry. Mast followed suit. In the industry, responsibility is shifted to subcontractors through opaque contractual structures. "That is why we will make the meat industry’s business model fairer through laws and controls"she announced. Mast also called for permanent funding for a project of the German Federation of Trade Unions, which works for fair wages and fair working conditions for foreign workers in Germany. "This not only helps the Romanian butchers, but also the Polish caregiver or the Bulgarian waitress", she said.persuasive and argumentative essay topics

The Greens called for a fundamental reform of meat production in Germany. In a seven-point plan that is available to the newspapers of the Funke media group, Green boss Robert Habeck demanded, among other things, a minimum price for animal products, a ban on contracts for work and services through subcontractors, better conditions for keeping animals "correct pay" of employees and an expansion of state controls in the companies.

The outbreak of the lung disease Covid-19 in several slaughterhouses highlights the dramatic problems of the agricultural industry, writes Habeck. "It works on the principle: mass production of meat at dumping prices thanks to dumping conditions."

The disease last broke out in several German slaughterhouses. In April this was already the case in a meat factory in Birkenfeld in Baden-Württemberg. In the past few days, workforces in Coesfeld and Oer-Erkenschwick (North Rhine-Westphalia) and Bad Bramstedt in Schleswig-Holstein were affected. A meat processing company in Lower Saxony is also suspending production. Tests had shown that 92 employees of the company in Dissen are infected, as reported by the Osnabrück district. The employees concerned and their contact persons would be sent to quarantine, it is said. The meat industry has been criticized for many years because of its precarious working and housing conditions.

Berlin (dpa) – Kiwis and oranges tend not to come from Saxony or the Sauerland. For other products from potatoes to cheese, many supermarket customers like to make sure that they come from their region.

Dangerous germs: Manufacturer calls back pudding nationwide Very easy preparation: Roast crust – ideal for the Christmas menu Pesticide leftovers: Edeka and Marktkauf call back spreads Reasons still unclear: Rossmann calls back disinfectants Caution, plastic pieces: drugstore chain dm calls back gingerbread

But what exactly does that mean: the area around the city? Your own state? North or South Germany? In order to create more clarity, consumer advocates are calling for more precise guidelines for advertising with regional foods. "If it says regional, then it must also be regional", said the head of the Federation of German Consumer Organizations (vzbv), Klaus Müller, of the German press agency.

So far there has been no uniform labeling for regionality

Information about the region has so far been difficult to understand, there are countless different standards. "That is why we need uniform labeling and a binding minimum standard that must always be met when advertising with regionality"demands Müller. "The majority of consumers expect the raw materials for a product to come from the designated region." Therefore, labels or advertising should be abolished, which are behind the word "regional" only hide regional processing or packaging.

In general, regional products have continued to gain importance in the Corona crisis, as Federal Food Minister Julia Klöckner has also observed. "A new awareness has arisen for food – and for the work of those who produce it"said the CDU politician when presenting a survey in the spring. According to this, 82 percent of German citizens attach importance to the fact that products come from their region when shopping. It is especially important for fruit and vegetables, dairy products, eggs, bread and baked goods, meat and sausage – not so much for sweets, for example.

Blue "Regional window" not spread everywhere

In addition to various colorful seals, there is already a nationwide uniform logo: the blue one introduced in 2014 "Regional window"that manufacturers can voluntarily print on packaging. There are now 4930 products and 870 providers are registered as licensees, as the sponsoring association says. Vegetables and herbs, fruit, meat and sausages are most commonly labeled. The logo is most widely used in Baden-Württemberg with more than 1300 articles. There are also several hundred in Bavaria, North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate, Lower Saxony and Hesse. In the east, however, the logo is even less common.

Specifically, this shows"Regional window"where the main ingredients come from and where they were processed. The region must be smaller than Germany. A federal state, a district or information such as "from the Eifel" or "100 kilometers around Aachen". The first main ingredient has to come 100 percent from the region – just like that "valuable ingredients", for example cherries in cherry yogurt. For composite products, the sum of regional raw materials is given in percent. For example, on the label of egg spaetzle: "Wheat flour from Baden-Württemberg; processed in 72181 Trochtelfingen, share of regional raw materials in the total product = 97%".

The "Regional window" specify the defined region transparently, it says from the ministry – so everyone can decide for themselves whether this meets their requirements for a regional product. At first glance, there seems to be a call for a clear – possibly legally regulated – definition of the term "region" to be obvious. A uniform, comprehensive definition is hardly possible because of the many ingredients and production steps in processed foods. In addition, the respective understanding of regionality is very different – consumer opinions differ widely.

Higher standards for regional food required

The consumer advice centers see that "Regional window" as a good basis – but it must now be further developed and made even better known, demands consumer advocate Müller. For example, the proportion of regional ingredients in processed products should be raised above the current minimum threshold of 51 percent of the total weight. Also about the definition of "region" you have to talk. "Major regions like "Southern Germany" or several large federal states together do not make sense."

There is now an opportunity in the social discussion about agriculture to sharpen and strengthen regional labeling. "The industry has been reporting to us for many years that consumers are willing to pay more for local food"says Müller. "We see that it works to enforce a particularly higher standard with customers." And a combination with more animal welfare could trigger a greater dynamic. "Then you can see: The animal comes from my region, it has been proven to be better and it was not transported for long. This then further strengthens regional agriculture."

Hamm (dpa) – According to researchers, leftovers from regional food and beverage production could become a meat substitute in the future after extensive processing.

Dangerous germs: Manufacturer calls back pudding nationwide Very easy preparation: Roast crust – ideal for the Christmas menu Pesticide leftovers: Edeka and Marktkauf call back spreads Reasons still unclear: Rossmann calls back disinfectants Caution, plastic pieces: drugstore chain dm calls back gingerbread

For example, carrots, onions, apples or grapes can be used to produce a vitamin-rich protein mass using a method that has been successfully tested in the laboratory. That said the head of the research project at the Hamm-Lippstadt University of Applied Sciences, Thomas Kirner. This mass can be further processed into meat and sausage alternatives, or it can also be used as part of protein bars or mueslis. The German Federal Environment Foundation (DBU) is funding the project with around 425,000 euros.

Higher demand for meat substitute products

According to the DBU, around six percent of people are now vegan or vegetarian – and the trend is rising. A new, critical awareness of the consumption of animal products can be observed in Germany. Many of the meat substitute products, which are in increasing demand, are made from soy, for whose cultivation the rainforest is often cleared. Many people were also allergic to soy. Another positive aspect of the project in Hamm is that residues that are also generated in the region are made usable – i.e. are available without long transport routes.

Project manager Kirner emphasized that the recycled residues were recyclable materials in perfect condition. "The substrates are of course subject to quality control." The now completed test procedure in the laboratory was developed by a company from Siegen – Quh-Lab Food Safety. Another cooperation partner is a consulting company in the field of food technology (Oltmer Food Consulting). The task now is to implement the tested method on a production scale, explained the expert in chemistry and bio-microstructure technology.

Use of fungi and bacteria

How does the procedure work? Fungi and bacteria – such as lactic acid bacteria – are used. With ultraviolet light, a natural substance contained in the mushrooms can be converted into vitamin D2, said Kirner. Microorganisms enriched the product with B12. This is central, because the supply of vital vitamins must be ensured even with a purely plant-based diet. A bioreactor is now being built – a high-tech device in which components are cultivated under optimal conditions.

He sees a huge market for the targeted vitamin-protein mass, said Kirner. When exactly and in which product form the offers will be on the store shelves is still uncertain.

Stuttgart (dpa) – Although hemp is more than just a drug, according to the Baden-Wuerttemberg inspectors it is far from being a good ingredient in food in all cases. Of a total of 49 food samples examined, more than every second was rejected as unsafe in the past year.

Dangerous germs: Manufacturer calls back pudding nationwide Very easy preparation: Roast crust – ideal for the Christmas menu Pesticide leftovers: Edeka and Marktkauf call back spreads Reasons still unclear: Rossmann calls back disinfectants Caution, plastic pieces: drugstore chain dm calls back gingerbread

"The reason was excessive levels of D9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the most important psychoactive substance in the hemp plant", it says in the new annual report of the food control.

According to the report, 29 samples were classified as extracts from the hemp plant and cannabinoid-containing products obtained from them. They are therefore considered to be unauthorized novel foods. The labeling was incorrect for a further 32 samples. "Only twelve samples were not objectionable"says the report.

The product range of foodstuffs containing hemp ranges from baked goods and pasta to confectionery and herbal teas to soft drinks, beers and food supplements. A distinction is made between THC-rich (drug hemp) and THC-poor hemp varieties (fiber hemp). Hemp plants that contain less than 0.2 percent THC are considered low-THC varieties. This means that hemp seeds and hemp seed oil can be obtained from them.

Tetrahydrocannabinol is found in dried cannabis leaves, flowers, and inflorescences. Hemp varieties cultivated early and most wild stocks have a rather low THC content, while this has been increasing for years in plants specially grown for hashish or marijuana production.

Berlin (dpa) – Potatoes from the region, specialties from Italy: In the supermarket, many like to pay attention to where exactly the food comes from. But sometimes it just says "Mixture of EU countries and non-EU countries" – namely on many honey jars on the shelves.

Dangerous germs: Manufacturer calls back pudding nationwide Very easy preparation: Roast crust – ideal for the Christmas menu Pesticide leftovers: Edeka and Marktkauf call back spreads Reasons still unclear: Rossmann calls back disinfectants Caution, plastic pieces: drugstore chain dm calls back gingerbread

That doesn’t say more than "Origin: planet earth", complains the consumer organization Foodwatch. "Such labeling may be of interest to aliens." Beekeepers are also demanding clearer indications of origin. Federal Food Minister Julia Klöckner (CDU) supports a push for stricter EU rules.

General terms not very meaningful

"The current labeling of honey can hardly be surpassed in terms of absurdity"said a Foodwatch spokesman. "Who actually comes up with such regulations?" Food manufacturers would have to be obliged to indicate at least the countries of origin of the main ingredients of their products.

Dodano: 19 July 2020
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